The Best Gynecomastia Treatment Options

Gynecomastia Treatment

Overview of Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is a big enlargement of a man's breast tissue. It can affect guys of any age. It has physical and social effects such as feeling uncomfortable or hurting.

Knowing the reasons and treatments of Gynecomastia can give men more assurance. They can make good decisions about what to do.

Definition of Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is a typical issue for men. It is when the breast tissue grows larger. It is mostly caused by uneven hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone. All ages of men can get it, but it is most prevalent amongst adolescents aged 15-19, or those going through hormonal changes due to age. This can lead to feeling embarrassed or not good enough.

The common sign of gynecomastia is the swelling of breast tissue in one or both breasts. Other physical symptoms are soreness and pain in the breast region. Emotional results are low confidence and shame.

The cause of gynecomastia is an unevenness between testosterone and estrogen. Also, an increase in certain hormones can lead to it, for example cortisol or prolactin. Being overweight and certain health problems can cause hormone imbalances as well. The use of anabolic steroids, some drugs with a prescription, and street drugs like marijuana are considered risks for gynecomastia.

Most of the time, this condition goes away without treatment. But, if it remains, medical treatment is necessary. This can involve hormone therapy or surgery, depending on the cause and how serious it is.

Causes of Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia occurs when a male's breast tissue grows. It's usually caused by an imbalance of two hormones: estrogen and testosterone. In some cases, it's due to medical conditions or medicines. Others include:

  1. Excessive growth stimulation: As boys go through puberty, their hormone levels can change rapidly. This can cause gynecomastia due to more estrogen and less testosterone.
  2. Male menopause (andropause): After age 40, men's testosterone production decreases. They start producing more estrogen. This can lead to enlarged breasts.
  3. Anabolic steroid use: Bodybuilders or athletes can use steroids or abused drugs that affect hormone levels. If they stop using them, the breast size usually reduces.
  4. Liver disease: Chronic liver conditions can increase the enzyme Aromatase. This converts testosterone into estrogen, leading to increased chest size, also known as “pseudo-gynecomastia“. People with liver problems should get medical care if they have unexplained enlargement of their breasts.
  5. Malnutrition: Poor nutrition or lack of certain nutrients can cause abnormal amounts and ratios of hormones. This can lead to enlargement, as well as skin damage/disorders/lesions. It's important to keep nutrient levels balanced, especially during growth periods, like puberty.

Treatment Options

Gynecomastia is an enlargement of male breast tissue that can be emotionally distressing. Fortunately, there are treatments to address this condition.

In some cases, medicine may be prescribed. For others, surgery can be a solution. Let's explore the available treatments for Gynecomastia:


Medications can be a substitute for surgery if the cause of gynecomastia is linked to a hormone imbalance. The doctor can give medicine to control hormones. These include:

  • Aromatase inhibitors, which block an enzyme used in the production of estrogen, so as to reduce its level and increase testosterone production.
  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs). These block the effects of estrogen on certain breast tissue and lower its levels.
  • Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) which raises testosterone production.
  • Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), which regulates testosterone amounts to normal levels.

In some cases, doctors may advise men to take medication in combination with other treatments such as diet and exercise to reduce gynecomastia symptoms.


Surgery is the main way to treat men with gynecomastia. In the majority of cases, a combination of liposuction and excision techniques are used to remove excess breast tissue and fat. The exact technique will depend on the condition's severity.

For mild gynecomastia, where fat is the cause of discomfort, liposuction alone may be enough. An incision is made near the area and a hollow tube, called a cannula, is inserted. Then, fat cells are removed using suction technology with no scars left behind.

For more severe gynecomastia, involving both breast tissue and fat, surgery will involve two parts. The doctor will begin by making an incision around the areola and removing any extra mammary glands with forceps or scissors. Skin may need to be removed to get the best contouring. Then liposuction will be used to move or remove fat from various places like chest walls, ribs and at times, love handles.

Lifestyle Changes

To reduce gynecomastia symptoms, lifestyle changes are needed. Men should:

  • Limit processed food intake, like processed meats and sugary drinks. Too much fat and sugar can lead to weight gain and worsen gynecomastia.
  • Eat a balanced diet with fruits, veggies, lean proteins, and whole grains.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking as they cause hormone imbalances that can lead to gynecomastia.
  • Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight and burn calories. Exercise also helps keep hormones in balance by releasing endorphins. Plus, it increases muscle tone to fill out the chest area for a more masculine look.
  • Focus on posture when standing or sitting. This will create an illusion of being bigger and hide excess fat in the chest area.

Benefits of Treatment

Gynecomastia – a condition that causes men to have enlarged breasts. It can be embarrassing and make them feel self-conscious.

Good news – treatments are available! These treatments help reduce the size of the breasts and may even relieve pain and discomfort.

Now, let's look at the benefits of Gynecomastia treatment! It could be the best choice for you:

Improved Physical Appearance

Gynecomastia treatment can help with physical appearance. Men with this condition usually have chests that are too big. This can make chest-baring activities difficult and cause low self-confidence. Treatment can help chests return to pre-condition state, possibly increasing confidence and ability to do physical activities.

  • Abdominal fat may also reduce, resulting in less pain and better range of motion when playing sports or doing other activities.
  • Fitted clothing may also fit better after treatment for gynecomastia.

Improved Self-Esteem

Gynecomastia can have a big impact on a man's self-esteem and quality of life. Men can be embarrassed about their chest and thus, avoid situations that show it off. Even with minor cases, men may feel the need to hide it by wearing lots of clothes in summer or covering it up.

Gynecomastia treatment enhances self-esteem by making men feel better about their appearance and giving them more confidence.

The emotional effects of treatment should not be overlooked. Many men find positive changes in themselves after surgery. They become more outgoing and gain a new outlook on life! Treatment gives them a new look and more self-worth which lets them do activities they previously held back from due to their physical appearance.

Improved Quality of Life

Treating gynecomastia can significantly improve a person's quality of life. It can get rid of worries about being noticed, and negative feelings associated with the condition. It can also raise self-confidence.

Post-treatment, patients often feel more socially acceptable. They may engage in activities they'd previously been shy of, such as jet skiing or swimming in public. Or, even going on dates or wearing different kinds of clothes. Gynecomastia treatment can be emotionally liberating and bring more joy into life.

Risks of Treatment

Gynecomastia is a common problem for many men. It impacts the chest area. Treatments are available that could be effective, yet it's important to think about any risks related to the treatments. In this section, we will go over the potential risks of the various treatments for gynecomastia.

Side Effects of Medication

Medications to treat gynecomastia can have side effects. Before taking any drugs, it is important to understand the risks. Common side effects include:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Facial flushing
  • Low blood pressure
  • Itchy skin
  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Rash or hives

Allergic reactions, changes in blood sugar levels, liver damage, and changes in kidney function are more serious side effects. Medications might also interact with other drugs, causing extra side effects. Always talk to your doctor about potential risks before taking any medication.

Risks of Surgery

Surgery is a great way to treat gynecomastia, however it comes with risks. Bleeding and infection are two of the common risks. Scarring can occur at the incision site and may be visible depending on how severe your condition is. Numbness or changes in sensation may also happen.

More problems can arise such as implants moving or leaking, nerve damage, fluid collecting around the implant, rippling, and silicone granuloma. Rarely, immune reactions due to mismatched tissue may cause lumps or skin discoloration.

To reduce risk, make sure you find a board-certified surgeon who specializes in this field. Talk to them and be sure you understand the risks before going through with the treatment.

Cost of Treatment

Gynecomastia treatment can be expensive. For some, it can be close to a thousand dollars. For others, it may cost less. It all depends on the patient's case and severity.

Here are the cost factors associated with gynecomastia treatment:

Medication Costs

Medication can be pricey. Depending on the condition, it may come in pill, injection, or other forms. People often have to pay co-pays or full retail prices.

Generic medications may be much cheaper than brand name ones. Discount programs and pharmacies offer cheaper pricing, too.

Health insurance plans vary when it comes to prescription coverage. Some may cover generic medications, while others offer no coverage.

It is important to think about the cost of medication before beginning a treatment plan. Ask questions about alternatives to get the most cost-effective care.

Surgery Costs

Surgery can be costly, and is sometimes required. Factors that determine the cost include the type of procedure, where it's done, materials used and other costs. These could include pre-op tests, meds, anesthesia, hospital stays, and post-op care.

Prices will differ depending on the type of surgery and where it's done. Cataract removal might cost around $4105, while a colectomy with intestinal resection can cost up to $33084. Outpatient surgeries are generally less expensive than inpatient. Appendectomy may range from $2402 to $2797; hernia repair from $2614 to $5129; cholecystectomy from $3164 to $4602; spinal fusion from $16136 to $22952; and j-pouch surgery from $29945 to $51109.

Consult your doctor and insurance provider to see if there are ways to reduce the cost of your procedure.

Insurance Coverage

Contemplating gynecomastia treatment and pondering if your medical insurance will cover the cost? There are a few things to be aware of. Insurance policies can differ based on the insurer and doctor/clinic. Generally, many insurance plans do not cover cosmetic issues such as gynecomastia. But, they could give reimbursements for treatments.

Insurers generally use criteria to decide if you’re eligible for coverage. These include:

  • Body Mass Index (BMI)
  • Underlying medical issues
  • Renowned/board-certified gynecomastia doctors with documentation proving why treatment is medically required

If you meet these criteria, it's possible that your insurer may cover part of the cost. However, it's always best to check with your insurer first for more information about their policies concerning gynecomastia and insurance reimbursement.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is gynecomastia and what causes it?

Gynecomastia is a condition where men develop enlarged breast tissue. This is often caused by a hormonal imbalance, particularly an increase in estrogen levels. Other causes may include certain medications, medical conditions, or genetics.

Is gynecomastia treatment necessary?

It depends on the severity of the condition and how it affects the individual's emotional well-being. Some men may choose to undergo treatment for cosmetic reasons, while others may experience physical discomfort such as pain or tenderness in the breast area.

What are the treatment options for gynecomastia?

Treatment options may include medication to regulate hormone levels or surgery to remove the excess breast tissue. Liposuction or a combination of liposuction and surgical excision may also be used to remove the tissue.

Is gynecomastia treatment covered by insurance?

Insurance coverage for gynecomastia treatment varies depending on the insurer and the specific treatment being sought. Some insurers may cover surgery or medication if it is deemed medically necessary, while others may consider it a cosmetic procedure that is not covered.

What is the recovery period like after gynecomastia surgery?

Recovery time varies depending on the individual and the extent of the surgery. Generally, patients can expect to take a week or two off work or school and should avoid strenuous activity for several weeks. It is important to follow the doctor's post-operative instructions carefully for optimal healing.

Are there any potential risks or complications associated with gynecomastia treatment?

As with any medical procedure, there are potential risks and complications to consider. These may include infection, bleeding, scarring, or an adverse reaction to anesthesia. It is important to discuss any concerns with a qualified medical professional before undergoing any treatment.

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